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Publication of the Reference Sequence of Bread Wheat

The International Wheat Genome Sequencing Consortium (IWGSC) published today in the international journal Science the first fully annotated reference genome of bread wheat, the world’s most widely cultivated crop. This work will pave the way for the production of wheat varieties better adapted to climate challenges, with higher yields, enhanced nutritional quality and improved sustainability.

Science cover_17Aug2018


1- The article presents the reference sequence of bread wheat. It is a detailed description of the DNA of the 21 wheat chromosomes.

2- The work is the result of 13 years of collaborative interdisciplinary research coordinated by the International Wheat genome Sequencing Consortium (IWGSC)

3- Having a reference sequence is essential for breeding more resilient wheat varieties to feed a growing world population and address food security in the context of climate change.

The article entitled "Shifting the limits in wheat research and breeding using a fully annotated reference genome" can be read here:


The reference sequence could not have been completed without the support and dedication of the IWGSC sponsors: Bayer CropScience, Biogemma, Dow-Dupont, Florimond Desprez, INRA, IEB, Limagrain, Kansas Wheat, RAGT, Syngenta and University of Adelaide.


Press Releases

Published: 08/16/2018 08:12 pm

IWGSC official press release, in English and several languages, and press releases from IWGSC members

Media kit

Published: 08/16/2018 08:14 pm

IWGSC Wheat Reference Genome Publication press kit (16 August 2018) available for download

Coverage around the world

Published: 08/16/2018 09:12 pm

WIRED, the BBC, the Guardian, El Mundo, ABC News, Süddeutsche Zeitung and more (non exhaustive list)


Published: 08/16/2018 08:15 pm

Two videos about the wheat genome reference sequence

Questions & Answers

Published: 08/16/2018 08:17 pm

About the publication: who participated, how did they do it, what will be the impact, and much more.


Published: 08/16/2018 08:18 pm

Quotes from authors of the article and from users of the reference sequence


Published: 08/16/2018 08:19 pm

Who to contact for more information about the publication


Published: 07/17/2014 10:00 pm

The IWGSC, with 3,200 members in 71 countries, is an international, collaborative consortium, established in 2005 by a group of wheat growers, plant scientists, and public and private breeders.