Fact Sheets & Infographics
Published: 07/17/2014 10:00 pm
The IWGSC, with 1,500 members in 60 countries, is an international, collaborative consortium, established in 2005 by a group of wheat growers, plant scientists, and public and private breeders. The goal of the IWGSC is to make a high quality genome sequence of bread wheat publicly available, in order to lay a foundation for basic research that will enable breeders to develop improved varieties.
Published: 05/19/2015 04:02 pm
The European Union is the world’s leading wheat producer, ahead of China, India and the USA, with 20% of the total world harvest (149 million tons in 2014) on 24.4 million ha cultivated.
Published: 05/12/2015 03:58 pm
Wheat is the most widely grown cereal crop in the world, with 730 millions tons produced on 222 million hectares (2014 data). Each year, nearly US $50 billion-worth of wheat is traded globally. The world’s top producers are the European Union, followed by China, India and the USA. Wheat is currently the staple food for more than 35% of the global human population. With the world’s population estimated to reach 9.6 billion by 2050, the World Bank has estimated that global wheat production would need to increase by 60 %.
Published: 04/21/2016 08:41 am
Today's bread wheat originates from three ancestral grass species and results from two consecutive hybridizations
Published: 03/23/2016 10:25 am
Chromosomes are the basic materials used to sequence the bread wheat genome, which has 21 pairs of chromosomes. How can they be separated?
Published: 11/03/2015 09:30 am
To sequence the large bread wheat genome, the IWGSC uses a chromosome-by-chromosome approach based on physical maps. This strategy efficiently delivers a high-quality, ordered sequence comparable to the gold standard reference sequence of rice.
Published: 09/21/2015 09:16 am
The bread wheat genome is both extremely large and complex. It is more than five times larger than the human genome and comprises 21 chromosomes originating from three individual subgenomes with highly similar gene contents. To circumvent this complexity, the IWGSC adopted a chromosome by chromosome strategy to sequence the wheat genome.